importance of diatoms

Diatom plays an important in the ocean ecosystem because the production of 45 percent of organic materials is at the hand of diatoms. The diatoms in each deposit contain different amounts of silica, depending on the age of the deposit, and different deposits may even contain a different species of diatom all together. Facts about Diatoms 9: studying diatoms. Some ancient diatomaceous earth deposits that were once seafloor sediment are today dry land. Algae - Algae - Ecological and commercial importance: Algae form organic food molecules from carbon dioxide and water through the process of photosynthesis, in which they capture energy from sunlight. Their major role in primary productivity makes diatoms important in the global carbon cycle and in aquatic food chains; Diatomacous earth is widely used in commerce Although there are periods when one diatom species has dominated the other, over the period as a whole, the two diatoms appear to be in a stable coexistence. The diatom plastids are derived from red algal secondary symbiosis and are golden brown due to the high concentration of the carotenoid fucoxanthin. Description of Diatoms: It is a large group of algae consisting of 200 genera and over 10,000 species, out of which 92 genera and about 569 species are reported from India. The species of diatom found in a deposit is dependant upon the age and paleo-environment of the deposit. The diatoms are the most beautiful microscopic algae due to their structure and sculpturing of their walls. The importance of diatoms must not be overlooked. Diatomaceous earth mined from these deposits has a wide variety of important industrial uses as a filter and abrasive; some organic gardeners employ it for pest control. The diatomist is the phycologists who specialize to study diatom. Sometimes diatom shells in seafloor sediment can over time become diatomaceous earth. If a person has drowned then diatoms are able to enter the human body. Diatoms are also useful in forensic studies. This diatom retains it eukaryotic nucleus, and little is known about the degree of genetic interdependence between the endosymbiont and host. The organic casing is a key component of the cell wall, preventing silica dissolution in seawater ( … They are commonly known as Diatoms. Journal History This article was published in the Botanical Gazette (1876-1991), which is continued by International Journal of Plant Sciences (1992-present). 3. Economic Importance. Diatom test is an important tool in diagnosis death in drowning cases. Diatoms Images. 2. If a victim has breathed in water, diatoms can enter their blood stream, bone marrow, brain, lungs and kidneys. As the typical features of ante-mortem drowning disappeared very rapidly with commencement of putrefaction and hence diatom test plays an important role for diagnosis and confirmation of drowning deaths. The study of diatom is included as a part of phycology. 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